newfoundland dog newfoundland dog newfoundland breed

The Newfoundland dog is a large breed of dog. It was originally used a working dog it helped the fishermen in the Colony of Newfoundland in Canada. These dogs also excel at water rescue due to their webbed feet, strength and water resistant coat. It is thought that many St. Bernard dogs have Newfoundland dog ancestry in them. The Newfoundland dog is though to have been descended from the St. John's dog, and it is thought that it was cross bred with mastiffs. There are many popular stories of the bravery that this dog has shown. An interesting historical note is that a Newfoundland is said to have saved Napoleon Bonaparte in 1815. This occurred when Napoleon was in exile on the island of Elba and he was escaping. He was knocked over board and a Newfoundland jumped in to save him.


These are very large dogs who are usually found in either black and white or black, brown or grey. They are very strong dogs. Males tend to weight between 60 to 70 kg though some have been recorded to weigh as much as 120 kg. They grow from 55 cm to 71 cm tall. It has short stout legs, a massive head and a bull like neck.


The Newfoundland is known as a very loyal dog that is calm. The breed even has the nickname "Gentle Giant". Its bark has a deep quality to it and training of this dog is routine and simple as long as started early enough. They make good guard and watch dogs, and can be good with older children.

Grooming and care

This is a vigorous dog that needs to be kept active, with long walks and good grounds to run about in, he will do best outdoors.


The Newfoundland shares many of the ailments of a larger dog breed. They are more likely to get hip dysplasia, as well as elbow dysplasia, and cystinuria. They can also suffer from subvavular aortic stenosis which means a sudden death at an early age is a real possibility with this breed.